Traffic safety in the broadest sense aims to adopt all plans, programs, traffic regulations and preventive measures to reduce or prevent the occurrence of traffic accidents to ensure human safety and property and to preserve homeland security and its human and economic elements.
Traffic safety elements
Vehicle:Vehicle’s safety means are:
- Tires, in terms of size and quality, endurance, speed rate, year of production and storage areas.
- Lamps, in terms of clarity, color and illumination level
- Turning and alarming signals
- Rear-view mirror that enables drivers to see the road behind them
- Windshield wipers
- Brakes and handbrake which control the vehicle’s movement
- Shift interlock
- Sound and light warning indicators (on the dashboard) such as fuel, oil, temperature, speed and battery indicators
- Seat belt
- Children seats
Vehicle safety requirements:
- Spare tires and the tools used to remove and install them
- Fire extinguisher
- First aid kit
- Rollover door locking systems
- Fireproof furniture
- Light reflecting triangle
Driver:Since the driver is the most effective factor in the traffic operation; a good driver must have the following:
- Normal state of mind
- Healthy senses
- Good knowledge of and strict commitment to traffic rules and regulations.
- High concentration while driving
- A strong sense of responsibility
- Good knowledge of the vehicle mechanics and maintenance.
Driver’s safety means:
- Using seatbelt
- Presence of headrests
- Special means such as spectacles, first aid kit and airbag
Methods and rules of safe driving:First: Driver’s safety means
- Having a look around the vehicle and ensuring the tires level and the road condition.
- Closing doors tightly
- Adjust the driver’s seat and the steering wheel.
- Fasten your belt and make sure that all passengers’ belts are fastened.
- Adjust the vehicle rear-view mirrors
- Check the dashboard’s indicators of oil and temperature
Second: Operating the engine.
Third: Moving the vehicle according to traffic laws and regulations specified in traffic rules.
Fourth: Stopping the vehicle:
- Look at the rear-view mirror that to see the road behind you.
- Start the stop signal.
- Decelerate gradually.
- Push the brakes slowly to stop the car.
- When the car stops, pull the hand brake.
Fifth: Traffic signs and lights
- Traffic warning, control and guidance signs
- Listings, Checkpoints and gates
- Horizontal and floor signs such as paints, illustrations and sidewalks
- Traffic Lights
- Traffic controls in work areas such as vertical panels, lightened arrows, flag carriers, barricades etc.